Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Hot

Death of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

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Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, dies in Liege, Lorraine. Henry IV's conflicts with the pope, known as the Investiture Conflict, have played an important role in the developing relationship between church and state in medieval Europe.

Both the pope and the German emperor claim the authority to "invest" bishops and abbots (i.e., appoint people to those offices). The pope, of course, asserts this authority because the offices are ecclesiastical.

In Germany, however, the offices are also political because the emperor relies upon them rather than on the nobility to rule the land. Not being able to appoint family and supporters to be bishops and abbots means not having direct control over the lands he rules.

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