Pope Innocent III Creates Order of Teutonic Knights Hot

Pope Innocent III Creates Order of Teutonic Knights

Map of the State of the Teutonic Knights, 1260
Source: S. Bollmann

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Pope Innocent III issues a bull which confirms the creation of the Teutonic Knights (official name: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem; Latin: "Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum"; English: "Order of the House of St. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem") as a crusading order, gives them the same rule of conducts as the Knights Templar, and assigns them a uniform of a white tunic with a black cross

This uniform is worn by the Teutonic Knights throughout the Crusades. They are first based in Acre where they can practice their original purpose: giving medical aid to pilgrims. As the need for more soldiers against the Muslims grows, the Teutonic Knights are forced to change into a military organization.

Once the Christian Crusaders are completely ejected from the Holy Lands, the Teutonic Knights seek other tasks; in effect, they become mercenaries employed by Christian rulers against non-Christian enemies. Eventually they focus their efforts on killing or converting pagans to the north of Europe.

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