Emperor Justinian Condemns Several Heretical Sects, Including Jews Hot

Emperor Justinian Condemns Several Heretical Sects, Including Jews

Emperor Justinian I
Source: Wikipedia

Emperor Justinian issues a new law condemning Manichaeans, Samaritans, and heretics. In the process, he categorizes Jews as being heretics.

Justinian says:

"Since many judges, in deciding cases, have addressed us in need of our decision, asking that they be informed what ought to be done with witnesses who are heretics, whether their testimony ought to be received or rejected.

We therefore ordain that no heretic, nor even they who cherish the Jewish superstition, may offer testimony against orthodox Christians who are engaged in litigation, whether one or the other of the parties is an orthodox Christian."

Jewish testimony can be trusted in cases where Jews are involved, but it cannot be trusted where Christians are concerned. This might involve a Jew taking the position that a Christian has done something wrong and/or is not telling the truth, an unacceptable situation.

The one interesting exception to this is the specification that Jews cannot testify against orthodox Christians. This leaves open permission to testify against Christians who are not orthodox.

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