Birth of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

Birth of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Source: Wikipedia

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Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV is born. Henry will play a major role in the Investiture Conflict, a disagreement between the papacy and secular rulers which was part of a wider conflict over the relationship between church and state.

In 1076 Pope Gregory VII will excommunicate Henry IV; later, at the Synod of Worms, Henry declares that Gregory is no longer pope. Both the pope and the German emperor claim the authority to "invest" bishops and abbots (appoint people to those offices).

The pope asserts this authority because the offices are ecclesiastical. The emperor asserts the same authority because in Germany these offices are also political. The German emperor relies on them rather than on the nobility to rule the land.

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