Polish Jews in Germany are Rounded Up and Forced Back to Poland

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More than 17,000 Polish Jews living in Germany are rounded up and forced across the border, back into Poland. Poland at first refuses to admit them, forcing them to camp in the open in a "no man's land" between the two nations; eventually, though, Polish authorities acquiesce and let people in.

Among them are the parents of Herschel Grynszpan, a German Jew living in Paris. He will take his revenge by assassinating Ernst vom Rath, Third Secretary of the German Embassy.

This, in turn, will be used by the Nazis as an excuse to launch their Kristallnacht pogrom against Jews throughout Germany.

After the German invasion of France, the Gestapo will catch up with Grynszpan, arrest him, and take him back to Germany. He disappears while in German custody and nothing will ever be known about what happens to him. He will be declared dead in 1960.


Herschel Grynszpan — Holocaust teen revenge assassination

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